|Travel Advice||Generally safe avalanche conditions. Watch for unstable snow on isolated terrain features.||Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.||Dangerous avalanche conditions. Careful snowpack evaluation, cautious route-finding, and conservative decision-making essential.||Very dangerous avalanche conditions. Travel in avalanche terrain not recommended.||Extraordinarily dangerous avalanche conditions. Avoid all avalanche terrain.|
|Likelihood of Avalanches||Natural and human-triggered avalanches unlikely.||Natural avalanches unlikely; human-triggered avalanches possible.||Natural avalanches possible; human-triggered avalanches likely.||Natural avalanches likely; human-triggered avalanches very likely.||Natural and human-triggered avalanches certain.|
|Avalanche Size and Distribution||Small avalanches in isolated areas or extreme terrain.||Small avalanches in specific areas; or large avalanches in isolated areas.||Small avalanches in many areas; or large avalanches in specific areas; or very large avalanches in isolated areas.||Large avalanches in many areas; or very large avalanches in specific areas.||Very large avalanches in many areas.|
|Signal Word||Size (D scale)||Simple Descriptor|
|Small||1||Unlikely to bury a person|
|Large||2||Can bury a person|
|Very Large||3||Can destroy a house|
|Historic||4 & 5||Can destroy part or all of a village|
Yesterday a group found ‘touchy wind slabs’ on a Southeast aspect of Seattle Ridge near Bertha Creek Campground. These hard slabs were 3-10” thick, and formed on top of loose faceted snow and surface hoar that hundreds of people have been skiing and riding on this week. Moderate Northwest winds have channeled through some terrain in our forecast zone, but not all. Many folks have continued to get into steep terrain without incident where snow conditions remain generally stable. These reactive wind slabs are an example of unstable snow that can be found on some terrain features. Today will be the last sunny day before a big weather pattern shift. If you’re headed into the mountains identify wind-affected snow that looks smooth or pillowed. Hard supportable snow that sounds drum-like should be suspect and could allow a person onto it before a slab releases.
Practice safe travel habits, such as exposing one person at a time, watching your partners and grouping up in safe zones. These are key ways to minimize risk. Ease into steep terrain and factor in the consequences should you encounter a wind slab or one of the following:
Looking South from Center Ridge yesterday. The terrain in the Sun, SE shoulder of Seattle Ridge remains suspect for reactive wind slabs. This is a common area affected by NW wind direction.
Loose snow surface conditions and glide cracks on a SW aspect of Sunburst yesterday. Close up of surface hoar, a possible weak layer lurking under isolated wind slabs. Photos by Kyle Van Peursem
South of Turnagain – Lynx Creek/Johnson Pass/Summit Lake zone: A poor snowpack structure exists in these areas. The buried surface hoar that we have been talking about over the past week has been found as well as facet/crust combinations in the bottom of the snowpack. The last avalanche cycle was during the New Year’s storm, and overloaded a variety of these weak layers in Summit Lake. Cold weather this weak has been helping stability around the area, but localized NW winds this week may have added additional stress. Steep slopes without old debris below remain suspect. If you’re headed this way, the snowpack becomes more complex – evaluate terrain exposure and the snowpack as you travel.
Yesterday: Skies were clear and sunny and temperatures in the alpine dropped to around zero F. Temperatures in the mid elevations remained in the single digits, but some areas like Portage Valley were closer to -10F. Ridgetop winds were light from the Northwest, 5-15mph. No precipitation occurred.
Today: Expect similar conditions, mostly sunny skies and sub zero F temperatures. Ridgetop winds are expected to remain light, but will shift from a SW direction to an Easterly direction in the evening. Cloud cover is also expected to move across our region this evening along with rising temperatures in anticipation of a pattern shift. Light snow showers are possible overnight.
Tomorrow: Low Pressure will be pushing the cold arctic air north as a series of storms track into our region. Temperatures will continue to rise through the weekend to above freezing temps in the lower elevations by Sunday. Easterly winds will build early Saturday morning and intensify by the evening. Expect precipitation to start out as snow, but rain is likely overnight in the lower elevations.
*Seattle Ridge weather station was heavily rimed and the anemometer (wind sensor) was destroyed. We are currently working to replace it.
|Temp Avg (F)||Snow (in)||Water (in)||Snow Depth (in)|
|Center Ridge (1880′)||7||0||0||53|
|Summit Lake (1400′)||-4||0||0||22|
|Alyeska Mid (1700′)||6||0||0||41|
|Temp Avg (F)||Wind Dir||Wind Avg (mph)||Wind Gust (mph)|
|Seattle Ridge (2400′)||7||*N/A||*N/A||*N/A|
|11/27/23||Turnagain||Avalanche: Tincan Ridge||Schauer/ Stiassny Forecaster|
|11/26/23||Turnagain||Observation: Road report: Slide with dirt on Repeat offender||Anonymous|
|11/26/23||Turnagain||Observation: Pete’s North||Ben Sullender|
|11/25/23||Turnagain||Observation: Tincan trees||John Sykes Forecaster|
|11/21/23||Observation: Spokane Creek||John Sykes Forecaster|
|11/19/23||Turnagain||Observation: Magnum – PMS Bowl||Schauer/ Cullen/ Jonas Forecaster|
|11/19/23||Other Regions||Observation: Sunnyside/Penguin||Jose Ramos-Leon|
|11/19/23||Turnagain||Observation: Eddies||Andy Moderow|