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ARCHIVED FORECAST - All forecasts expire after 24 hours from the posting date/time.
Issued
Sat, March 3rd, 2018 - 7:00AM
Expires
Sun, March 4th, 2018 - 7:00AM
Forecaster
Heather Thamm
The Bottom Line

The avalanche danger is  MODERATE  above 1000′ where triggering a wind slab will be possible.   Additionally,  old weak layers deeper in the pack may be triggered, creating a larger avalanche.  Evaluate snow and terrain carefully.  

**If headed South of Turnagain Pass be aware of recent avalanche activity in Summit Lake and Lost Lake areas. Click HERE  for the Summit Summary and click HERE for several observations from Lost Lake.  

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Sat, March 3rd, 2018
Alpine
Above 2,500'
Moderate (2)
Avalanche risk
Treeline
1,000'-2,500'
Moderate (2)
Avalanche risk
Below Treeline
Below 1,000'
Low (1)
Avalanche risk
Alpine
Above 2,500'
Avalanche risk
Moderate (2)
Treeline
1,000'-2,500'
Avalanche risk
Moderate (2)
Below Treeline
Below 1,000'
Avalanche risk
Low (1)
Danger Scale:
No Rating (0)
Low (1)
Moderate (2)
Considerable (3)
High (4)
Extreme (5)
Avalanche Problem 1
  • Wind Slabs
    Wind Slabs
  • Almost Certain
    Very Likely
    Likely
    Possible
    Unlikely
    Likelihood
  • Historic
    Very Large
    Large
    Small
    Size
Wind Slabs
Wind Slab avalanches are the release of a cohesive layer of snow (a slab) formed by the wind. Wind typically transports snow from the upwind sides of terrain features and deposits snow on the downwind side. Wind slabs are often smooth and rounded and sometimes sound hollow, and can range from soft to hard. Wind slabs that form over a persistent weak layer (surface hoar, depth hoar, or near-surface facets) may be termed Persistent Slabs or may develop into Persistent Slabs.

Likelihood of Avalanches
This graphic depicts how likely you are to trigger avalanches or encounter natural avalanches while traveling on avalanche prone slopes. Unlikely means that few avalanches could be triggered in avalanche terrain and natural avalanches are not expected. The chance of triggering or observing avalanches increases as we move up the scale. Certain means that humans will be able to trigger avalanches on many slopes, and natural avalanches should be expected.

Size of Avalanches
This graphic depicts the potential size and destructive force of expected avalanches. Small avalanches are not large enough to bury humans and are relatively harmless unless they carry people over cliffs or through trees or rocks. Moving up the scale, avalanches become large enough to bury, injure, or kill people, large enough to bury or destroy vehicles and break a few trees, and large enough to destroy railway cars, buildings, or a substantial amount of forest. Historic avalanches are massive events capable of destroying villages and gouging or altering the landscape.
More info at Avalanche.org

Triggering a lingering wind slab is possible today on a variety of aspects due to unusual wind loading patterns this week. Strong Westerly and Northerly winds that ended Thursday morning funneled through our zone loading North, East and South aspects. Ridgetops have been scoured down to old anti-tracks or sastrugi and leeward slopes now have the classic pillow-shaped wind slab look. An inch or two of new snow that may fall today may make it difficult to identify terrain features that have been wind loaded. Smooth supportable snow that is hollow sounding is the most suspect, especially if the slope is unsupported. Shooting cracks may not be present until committed to a slope and the whole slab releases. Several weak layers are sitting within the top 2 feet of the snowpack and triggering a wind slab could propagate a larger avalanche. (More on this below.) Although the sun is not expected today, keep in mind that its that time of year when radiation can make the snow more reactive on Southerly aspects. 

Sunburst is a good example of where W and NW and SW winds were loading a variety of aspects and crossloading many terrain features. 

 

Note the older cornices in this photo and the direction of wind loading. On Wednesday SE winds were loading NE aspects near Silvertip, Lynx and Johnson Pass while at the same time SE and SW aspects were being loaded in the Turnagain Pass.  

Avalanche Problem 2
  • Persistent Slabs
    Persistent Slabs
  • Almost Certain
    Very Likely
    Likely
    Possible
    Unlikely
    Likelihood
  • Historic
    Very Large
    Large
    Small
    Size
Persistent Slabs
Persistent Slab avalanches are the release of a cohesive layer of snow (a slab) in the middle to upper snowpack, when the bond to an underlying persistent weak layer breaks. Persistent layers include: surface hoar, depth hoar, near-surface facets, or faceted snow. Persistent weak layers can continue to produce avalanches for days, weeks or even months, making them especially dangerous and tricky. As additional snow and wind events build a thicker slab on top of the persistent weak layer, this avalanche problem may develop into a Deep Persistent Slab.

Likelihood of Avalanches
This graphic depicts how likely you are to trigger avalanches or encounter natural avalanches while traveling on avalanche prone slopes. Unlikely means that few avalanches could be triggered in avalanche terrain and natural avalanches are not expected. The chance of triggering or observing avalanches increases as we move up the scale. Certain means that humans will be able to trigger avalanches on many slopes, and natural avalanches should be expected.

Size of Avalanches
This graphic depicts the potential size and destructive force of expected avalanches. Small avalanches are not large enough to bury humans and are relatively harmless unless they carry people over cliffs or through trees or rocks. Moving up the scale, avalanches become large enough to bury, injure, or kill people, large enough to bury or destroy vehicles and break a few trees, and large enough to destroy railway cars, buildings, or a substantial amount of forest. Historic avalanches are massive events capable of destroying villages and gouging or altering the landscape.
More info at Avalanche.org

Triggering an avalanche 2+ feet thick is possible due to several weak layers buried within our snowpack. More potential exists on the Southern end of Turnagain Pass and Summit Lake zone where a shallow and weaker snowpack remains. This was evident on Wednesday during the wind event where numerous large avalanches released naturally near Silvertip Creek and in Summit Lake. In Turnagain Pass we have been tracking several weak layers buried 1-2 feet deep (facets and buried surface hoar) and both have been reactive in stability tests. This structure can be found on all aspects and will be easier to trigger in thinner areas of the snowpack. These slabs could be triggered in softer more protected snow or in places where the snow is harder and more supportable. Whumpfing has been reported by several parties this week in the mid elevation band, but so far we are not aware of any human triggered activity in Turnagain Pass.  Evaluate the terrain for consequences before committing to a slope. There is still much uncertainty around this avalanche problem. 

Deep Persistent Slabs: Keep in mind that there are deeper persistent layers that could ‘wake up’ if you find the wrong spot above 3,000′ in the Alpine. At these high elevations, old weak layers of facets and buried surface hoar sit in the bottom half of the snowpack. This structure is also more pronounced in places with a thin overall snow cover, such as the South end of Turnagain Pass, the Summit Lake area and Crow Pass. 

In the treeline zone weak snow (facets) have been reactive in stability tests over the last few weeks. In the upper elevations a layer of buried surface hoar is mixed with facets and is also suspect. 

 

Weather
Sat, March 3rd, 2018

Yesterday was overcast and temperatures average in the 20F’s in the alpine with cooler temps at valley bottoms increasing into the upper 20F’s this morning as low pressure moves into the region. A trace of snow was picked up on a few weather stations. Winds were light from the East (5-15mph) most of the day. Overnight East winds on Seattle Ridge bumped into the 15-20mph range.

Today expect light snow showers in Turnagain Pass and Girdwood and an inch or two of new snow. Skies are expected to be overcast and could start to clear early this evening. Temps at sea level may reach the low 30F’s and temps in alpine will average in the mid 20F’s. Winds should be light 5-15mph from the Southeast, but may pick up into the moderate range this evening.  

Tomorrow looks like a period of clearing skies before another low pressure system move into our region Monday evening. Similar to today’s weather this system is also expected to favor Anchorage and Mat-Su. Depending on how far North the low tracks, we may see an uptick in gap winds tomorrow near Coastal areas, but these winds should remain in the Moderate range. Temperatures are expected to be in the 20s F.  

PRECIPITATION 24-hour data (6am – 6am)

  Temp Avg (F) Snow (in) Water (in) Snow Depth (in)
Center Ridge (1880′) 23   0   0   69  
Summit Lake (1400′) 21   0   0   29  
Alyeska Mid (1700′) 23   trace   .05   60  

RIDGETOP 24-hour data (6am – 6am)

  Temp Avg (F) Wind Dir Wind Avg (mph) Wind Gust (mph)
Sunburst (3812′) 19   ESE   5   17  
Seattle Ridge (2400′) 22   E   10    25
Observations
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Riding Areas
Updated Wed, December 11th, 2019

Status of riding areas across the Chugach NF is managed by the Glacier and Seward Ranger Districts, not avalanche center staff. Riding area information is posted as a public service to our users and updated based on snow depth and snow density to prevent resource damage at trailhead locations. Riding area questions contact: mailroom_r10_chugach@fs.fed.us

Area Status Weather & Riding Conditions
Glacier District
Johnson Pass
Closed
Closed.
Placer River
Closed
Closed.
Skookum Drainage
Closed
Closed.
Turnagain Pass
Closed
Closed.
Twentymile
Closed
Closed.
Seward District
Carter Lake
Closed
Closed.
Lost Lake Trail
Closed
Closed.
Primrose Trail
Closed
Closed.
Resurrection Pass Trail
Closed
Closed. Will be open for the 2019/20 season pending adequate snow cover.
Snug Harbor
Closed
Closed.
South Fork Snow River Corridor
Closed
Closed.
Summit Lake
Closed
Closed.

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