Observation: Hatcher Pass

Location: Marmot

Route & General Observations

Set skin track up, and skied down, Marmot’s south ridge. Cold day, wind transport up high, and variable conditions.

Red Flags
Red flags are simple visual clues that are a sign of potential avalanche danger. Please record any sign of red flags below.
Obvious signs of instability
Recent Avalanches?No
Collapsing (Whumphing)?Yes
Cracking (Shooting cracks)?No
Observer Comments

The only whumphing we got was in a few isolated, small areas, where the old wind slab sat over facets. Had pretty large cracks around our skis, primarily in areas with alders/brush under the snow, or in areas where the old wind slab was present. That being said, we kept to the ridge, and predominately terrain <30 degrees.

Weather & Snow Characteristics
Please provide details to help us determine the weather and snowpack during the time this observation took place.

10 am @ parking lot: Broken clouds, calm to light wind, single digit temp.
12 pm @ 3500 ft: Overcast, light gusting to moderate SE with observed drifting snow transport, single digit temps COLD!

Snow surface

New snow about a foot in most places, much thinner in areas that had been stripped by wind.
Below 3000 ft soft light powder at surface, lots of alders sticking out and rocks barely covered by snow.
Above 3000 ft when skin track veered onto more SW aspects the new snow felt more cakey and slab-like. Alders poking through snow and rocks right beneath the surface.
On ridge above 4000 ft there was a 1 inch 4F windslab on all aspects, waves of softer wind sculpted snow. Also observed a new thin crust sitting over new snow, a mix of stellar dendrites with graupel. We were perplexed on how this formed and are sure this was not the old thin crust we had seen in previous visits to Hatcher as it was definitely sitting on top of new stellars.

Southern aspects of Hatch and Skyscraper were fairly well stripped, with cross loading from west to east.
Very sharky skiing conditions.


Highly variable! Most places were either soft new snow or cakey fist hard wind affected snow sitting over either facets or old wind slab on top of facets. The distribution of the old wind slab was highly variable ranging from non-existent to 6 inches. The old wind slab over facets ranged from breakable to stout, unbreakable. We were not very worried about this old persistent slab as it was so discontinuous and variable. Breaking trail was challenging, especially down lower, as skiing was often bottomless feeling (fresh 1 ft of snow over facets in alders).

Did a lot of pole probing, hand pits, and hand shears. Hand shears demonstrated high variability. In some areas the new snow sheared off easily in a cohesive block and in other areas it broke apart and and did not shear easily.

The discontinuity was definitely in our favor for stability as poorly structured areas were small and discontinuous.

Photos & Video
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