Observation: Turnagain

Location: Magnum

Route & General Observations

Standard route up NW shoulder of Magnum to 3000′

Contact, Location & General Observations
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Forecaster Comments

*The Nov.16th BSH produced some natural activity, but was mostly responsibile for a series of human triggered avalanches from Nov.17-Nov.27th, all D1-D2 in size. Its important to note that we have not observed any avalanche activity on this layer since Dec.3rd. This particular layer is something to be aware in areas that haven't avalanched and less traveled areas of Turnagain, where there is more uncertainty about where it still lies in the snowpack. With that said it's something we're still tracking, and is considered an outlier at this point.

Red Flags
Red flags are simple visual clues that are a sign of potential avalanche danger. Please record any sign of red flags below.
Observer Comments

No obvious signs of instability observed from today

We did find debris and a filled in crown at 2900' likely occurred mid storm on Dec.18 when wind and precip were strongest. Debris had ~4" of snow covering it.

Weather & Snow Characteristics
Please provide details to help us determine the weather and snowpack during the time this observation took place.

Partly cloudy
6F at sea level, 15F at 1000', 20F above 2000'
Calm winds
No precip

Snow surface

1cm of surface hoar found at all elevations to 3000' and settled new snow from last weekend was around 7-15"


We dug a variety of hand pits at many elevations and found varying snowpack set-up. Below 2000' where the snowpack is thin (15-20" total height) and we found 7" of settled new snow (F hard) sitting on (F hard) facets to the ground. Along the NW shoulder of Magnum the settled new snow was sitting on firmer snow below. Hand pits showed old wind slabs sitting on loose faceted snow in some locations and in other locations the snow was too dense to penetrate with pole. In more protected places away from the ridge the snow was loose and ski pole easily poked down 2'.

We dug two pits one at about 2900' in a thicker area of the snowpack (5.5') and another at 3000' in a thinner area (3'). The snowpack structure in these two areas varied significantly. In the thicker place we found two layers of buried surface hoar: the Dec.15th BSH was 15" (40cm) below the surface the Nov.16th BSH was 33" (84cm) below the surface. The first layer did not propagate in ECTs, but the Pencil hard slab sitting on the Nov.16 layer propagated with some force (22 taps and 27 taps.) The most surprising part was how fast these two columns popped out of the pit, both sudden planer. The thinner area was mostly made up of faceting snow with a low density slab on top and produced no notable results in tests.

Corrections: In video I said previous test required 28 taps, but upon watching footage it was 27 taps.

Photos & Video
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