As we roll into a several day period of high pressure and clear skies, don’t forget what is lurking below the surface. Roughly 2′ down (give or take a foot) are persistent weak layers that vary with region. Turnagain Pass is plagued with mainly buried surface hoar and in lower snowpack zones, such as the West side of Girdwood Valley and Summit Lake, varying degrees of a facet/crust combination also exist. Although the slab on top is very hard and dense, making it difficult for a person’s weight to impact these layers, they are still there, not buried all that deep and continue to show signs of reactivity in pits.
I was with an Avalanche Level 2 Refresher course yesterday and we dug several pits in the lower Alpine zone (~3000′) focusing on the buried surface hoar. Test results were exactly what we saw a week ago – high strength (hard to trigger an avalanche) and high propagation propensity (if an avalanche is triggered, it has potential to propagate across an entire slope). Although time is on our side and the buried surface hoar has adjusted to its current load, it still doesn’t buy a ton of confidence.
A few things to remember with this type of Avalanche Problem:
Photos: Buried surface hoar that is laying 14-16″ deep at 3,100′ on Sunburst’s SW face (Ryan Davis).
Left photo, standing upright on the bottom of the slab. Right photo, laying on a 2mm grid (5-8mm in size)
Very hard and supportable wind slabs litter the mountainsides above treeline. These are generally 6-12″ thick and fairly well locked into place in many areas. However, there is still a possibility of triggering one in very steep and rocky terrain. Chances also go up if the slab is unsupported from below (i.e., is sitting above a cliff, steep rollover or a steep gully sidewall).
This also paints a picture of the current surface conditions in exposed, above treeline zones – hard and slick. Where stiff wind slabs are not present, scoured snow, rocks and anti-tracks are. Sounds a bit dire, yes, but there is fun riding to be had in sheltered areas in the trees as well as terrain depressions and the like.
Mostly clear skies and light North winds greeted backcountry travelers yesterday. Temperatures were in the upper teens in valley bottoms and ~20F on the ridgetops. The last measureable precipitation was December 30th (the end of the very windy late December storm).
Today, clear skies are on tap once again as a blocking high pressure has set in over mainland Alaska. A slight bump in Northerly winds (up to 10-15mph) are expected on the ridgetops. Temperatures are inverted this morning with valley bottoms in the single digits to low teens and the high teens to 20F on the ridgetops. We should see little warming through the day.
Our weather the next several days will be dominated by this blocking high pressure. Later in the week, there is a chance it could break down in the Southcentral coastal zones bringing some clouds and a chance for snow flurries. You can bet we will be watching the longer range weather models for the next storm.
|Temp Avg (F)||Snow (in)||Water (in)||Snow Depth (in)|
|Center Ridge (1880′)||21||0||0||34|
|Summit Lake (1400′)||16||0||0||6|
|Alyeska Mid (1700′)||19||0||0||25|
|Temp Avg (F)||Wind Dir||Wind Avg (mph)||Wind Gust (mph)|
|Seattle Ridge (2400′)||19||Variable||3||10|
|05/18/21||Turnagain||Observation: Tincan Ridge||Joe Kurtak|
|04/30/21||Turnagain||Observation: Sunburst||W Wagner Forecaster|
|04/27/21||Turnagain||Observation: Tincan Ridge||Joe Kurtak|
|04/26/21||Turnagain||Observation: Magnum||Creighton/ Hoople|
|04/25/21||Turnagain||Observation: Sunburst||Nick D'Alessio|
|04/24/21||Turnagain||Observation: Airplane obs||Johnston-Bloom / DiJulia /Hilliard Forecaster|
|04/24/21||Turnagain||Observation: Corn biscuit||Heather Johnson|
|04/23/21||Turnagain||Avalanche: Lynx Ck Drainage||W Wagner Forecaster|
|04/23/21||Turnagain||Avalanche: Sunburst||Eeva Latosuo|
|04/23/21||Turnagain||Observation: Center Ridge Turnagain pass||Joe Kurtak|
Status of riding areas across the Chugach NF is managed by the Glacier and Seward Ranger Districts, not avalanche center staff. Riding area information is posted as a public service to our users and updated based on snow depth and snow density to prevent resource damage at trailhead locations. Riding area questions contact: email@example.com
|Area||Status||Weather & Riding Conditions|
This is a general backcountry avalanche advisory issued for Turnagain Arm with Turnagain Pass as the core advisory area. This advisory does not apply to highways, railroads or operating ski areas.