Avalanche Advisory

Turnagain Area Avalanche Advisory
Friday, January 18th 2019 7:00 am by Heather Thamm
ARCHIVED ADVISORY - All advisories expire after 24 hours from the posting date/time.
Previous ForecastNext Forecast
The Bottom Line

The avalanche danger is MODERATE above 2500’ for triggering a slab 1-2’ thick. Slabs may be small and isolated or large enough to bury a person. Cornices have been recently loaded and could be triggered by the weight of a person or snowmachine. Identify glide cracks and avoid/limit your exposure time under this unpredictable hazard.

SUMMIT LAKE / JOHNSON PASS: Keep in mind buried weak layers exist in the middle and base of the snowpack. More potential for triggering a large slab avalanche exists in this zone, especially in terrain that has seen recent wind-loading. 

 Show the Complete North American Avalanche Danger Scale
2 Moderate Alpine / Above 2,500' Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.
1 Low Treeline / 1,000'-2,500' Travel Advice: Generally safe avalanche conditions. Watch for unstable snow on isolated terrain features.
1 Low Below Treeline / Below 1,000' Travel Advice: Generally safe avalanche conditions. Watch for unstable snow on isolated terrain features.
Special Announcement
  • The Friends of the Chugach National Forest Avalanche Center is an official Pick. Click. Give. organization. When you apply for your PFD please consider supporting your public avalanche center. We rely heavily on your support, which allows us to provide the best possible service. Thank you to all of our donors past, present and future!
  • For the Hatcher Pass Avalanche Center mid-week snowpack report click HERE and recent observations click HERE.

Avalanche Problem 1

Persistent Slabs

Almost Certain
Very Likely


Very Large


Across our region the snowpack is quite variable in the Alpine. Two storms this week left varying amounts of snow across our region favoring coastal areas like Portage, Girdwood, and the Northern end of Turnagain Pass. These new slabs were formed by strong winds and may range from 1-2’ thick. This new snow may be resting on several persistent weak layers (buried surface hoar or near surface facets) formed during the cold clear period last week and between the two storms on Tuesday. Yesterday we received a report of a skier triggered slab near Placer Valley. The slab was around 18” deep, and triggered by a ski cut on a steep terrain feature. No one was caught, but the slab did have two separate layers and was large enough to get someone in trouble in high consequence terrain. Keep in mind there is potential for a slab to be larger and more connected in bigger terrain. Shooting cracks and whumpfing may not be present until a slab releases suddenly. Identify wind-loaded features, evaluate the terrain for consequences, and always us safe travel protocols.

Further away from coastal areas where less snow fell, strong winds also impacted the upper elevations. Triggering a smaller slab in steep terrain remains possible. Be weary of hard supportable snow especially if it feels hollow or drum-like. 

South of Turnagain - Johnson Pass/Summit Lake zone: A very poor snowpack structure exists in these areas.  Multiple mid-pack weak layers of facets and buried surface hoar have been found as well as a facet/crust combination in the bottom of the snowpack. No recent avalanche activity has been observed since the New Year’s storm, but more uncertainty exists for triggering a deeper more dangerous avalanche. If you're headed this way, it will be important to evaluate terrain and snowpack as you travel. Be on the lookout for signs of instability and maintain extra cautious around wind-loaded slopes.

Skier triggered slab on a West aspect in the Placer Valley. Also notice the large cornices. 


Avalanche Problem 2


Cornices:  Recent strong winds and new snow have added stress to cornices. Not only can they break farther back than expected, they may be more tender than usual. Give these features lots of space.

Loose Snow: Yesterday several sun triggered wet-loose avalanches were observed on South facing slopes where rocks and vegetation were heating up the new surface snow. This harzard is unlikely today, but something to keep in mind with inverted temps in the upper elevations. It's still pretty early in the season for any significant radiation affect at our latitude. 

Several sun triggered wet-loose avalanches observed on South facing terrain of Goat Mt near Crow Creek. Photo by James Lyons.

Additional Concern

Glide Avalanches

Be on the lookout for glide cracks opening up. They may be hard to see and filled in by recent snow and wind this week. Remember the known areas with cracks are Eddies, Tincan, Sunburst, Magnum, Cornbiscuit, Lipps, Seattle Ridge, Johnson Pass, Lynx Creek, Summit Lake, Petersen Creek, and Girdwood. This avalanche hazard is unpredictable and can release without warning. Identifying cracks and avoiding exposure time under them is the best way to manage this problem.

Mountain Weather

Yesterday: Skies were clear with valley fog in some areas. Warm air from the day before was mixing in places and slightly inverted. Temps near sea level dropped into the low 20F’s and upper elevations temps were in the low 30F’s upper 20F’s. No precipitation fell yesterday and winds were calm.

Today: Expect clear skies with valley fog. Temperatures will be inverted with valley bottoms dropping from the low 20F’s into the teens and upper elevations will be in the upper 20F’s. Winds will be light and variable. No precipitation is in the forecast.

Tomorrow: Clear skies are expected through the weekend. Temperatures will continue to fall.  Expect upper elevations in the teens and valley bottoms may see low’s in the single digits F. Winds are expected to be light and variable.

 *Seattle Ridge weather station was heavily rimed and the anemometer (wind sensor) was destroyed. We are currently working to replace it.

PRECIPITATION 24-hour data (6am - 6am)

  Temp Avg (F) Snow (in) Water (in) Snow Depth (in)
Center Ridge (1880') 29  51 
Summit Lake (1400') 17  20 
Alyeska Mid (1700') 29  39 


RIDGETOP 24-hour data (6am - 6am)

  Temp Avg (F) Wind Dir Wind Avg (mph) Wind Gust (mph)
Sunburst (3812') 28  Variable   4  10
Seattle Ridge(2400') 32  *N/A  *N/A   *N/A  

This is a general backcountry avalanche advisory issued for Turnagain Arm with Turnagain Pass as the core advisory area (this advisory does not apply to highways, railroads, or operating ski areas).

Winter snowmachine use open/closed status and riding conditions updates

Riding status is not associated with avalanche danger. An area will be open to motorized use in accordance to the Forest Management Plan when snow coverage is adequate to protect underlying vegetation. Backcountry hazards including avalanche hazard are always present regardless of the open status of motorized use areas.

(Updated: May 06, 2019 )

Glacier District
Johnson Pass: ClosedClosed as of 4.3.19
Placer River: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Skookum Drainage: ClosedPlacer access closed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Turnagain Pass: ClosedClosed as of 5/6. Thanks for a great season all, see you next winter!
Twentymile: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Seward District
Carter Lake: Closed
Lost Lake Trail: ClosedClosed as of 3.22.19 due to lack of snow
Primrose Trail: ClosedClosed as of 4.3.19 due to lack of snow
Resurrection Pass Trail: ClosedClosed for the 2018/19 season. Next season will be open to motorized use.
Snug Harbor: ClosedClose as of 5.1.2019
South Fork Snow River Corridor: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Summit Lake: Closed

Subscribe to the Turnagain Area Avalanche Advisory:

The information in this advisory is from the U.S. Forest Service, which is solely responsible for its content. This advisory describes general avalanche conditions and local variations always occur. This advisory provided by the Chugach National Forest, in partnership with Friends of the Chugach National Forest Avalanche Information Center.

If you have comments or questions regarding CNFAIC operations or winter recreation management, please email
© 2019 Chugach National Forest Avalanche Information Center. All rights reserved.