Region: Turnagain
Location: Tincan

Route & General Observations

We toured up the standard skin track to 3300′ on Tincan. Our plan was to dig a pit on a Northern aspect in the upper elevations, possibly near Todd’s to see if we could find the buried surface hoar layer from Nov.16. Increasing Easterly winds, decreasing visibility and cold temps stopped us just before the boot hike. We dug a pit on a North aspect behind Hippy Bowl and immediately found the BSH layer, fully intact, 1cm in size, reactive moderate test scores with full propagation.

Red Flags

Observer Comments

Blowing snow and active wind loading in the Alpine
No other obvious signs were observed



Temps: -12F to -8F at road level and 10F-15F in the alpine
Winds started around 12:30pm. We observed both SE winds and NE winds
Partly cloudy becoming overcast by 2pm
Light flurries started around 2pm

Snow Characteristics

Snow surface

Below 2000' - 10" of loose settled snow (near surface facets)
2000'-3300' - 6-10" of snow available for transport, ridges were variable (mostly wind hardened snow)


1600'- dug a small pit to ground. HS was ~20" total. Very loose dry snow, hardly a slab, 4F - F hard. There was a very thin (1-2cm) layer of m/f crust on ground and ground was moist. The snow just above the ground was faceting out (4F hard snow.)

3300' - Height of snow quickly went from 250cm near ridge to 100cm away from ridge (~10' area) North aspect, 24 degree slope, Found the Nov. 16 layer of buried surface hoar, very uniform and easy to see in pit wall. ECT's showed full propagation with moderate force, sudden collapse. Slab was 1F becoming 4F near surface.

***We weren't expecting to find buried surface hoar in this location due to its proximity to the ridge, an area commonly affected by winds. To our surprise the Nov.16 layer of buried surface hoar was very intact and quite reactive. It is hard to say if this pit is representative of all Northern aspects. It is likely that some slopes have avalanched naturally on this layer. Several small avalanches have been seen in Todd's bowl over the last few weeks and several small storms have covered up the debris. However the activity observed in Todd's hasn't been large enough to verify if the whole slope has shed this layer. Something to keep in mind if venturing into steep Northern aspects.

Photos & Video



If you have comments or questions regarding CNFAIC operations or winter recreation management, please email
© 2019 Chugach National Forest Avalanche Information Center. All rights reserved.
If you think a public avalanche
center is important then we urge
you to become a member & donate.