Region: Turnagain
Location: Seattle Ridge (Warmup/-1 Bowl)

Route & General Observations

Seattle Ridge up-track to investigate avalanche reported in Warmup Bowl.

Avalanche Details

Avalanche details

Trigger SnowmachinerAvalanche Type Soft SlabAspect Northwest
Elevation 3000ftSlope Angle 36degCrown Depth 20in
Width 250ftLength 450ft  

Observer Comments

This avalanche was triggered remotely by a snowmachine from ridge on Jan 2nd, 2019. Weak layer was buried surface hoar (3-6mm in size). Crown depth varied from 1' to 2.5'. Slope angle was ~42 degrees at steepest and 24 degrees near the crown/ridge.

This was the only avalanche activity we saw.

Red Flags

Obvious signs of instability

Recent Avalanches?YesCollapsing (Whumphing)?NoCracking (Shooting cracks)?No

Observer Comments

Avalanche reported was the only obvious sign of instability seen.



Mostly sunny, temps in the teens, very light northerly winds.

Snow Characteristics

Snow surface

Top 6" was very soft loose snow from late on January 1st. Under this was a denser snow from the New Year's Storm cycle.


We dug at the crown face and the left flank of the avalanche (3,000' and 2,800'). The slab was 4finger hardness at the top and pencil+ hardness above the weak layer. Bed surface was also pencil+ hardness. No results at the crown in stability tests. At the flank we had a CT 24 that broke 14" down in buried surface hoar (BSH). The CT was not a clean break and the BSH was very hard to detect. It was also hard to detect and sandwiched between softer snow (1 finger) lower on sloper. Last, several ECTX's in many quick pits along the flank.

Pit #3 was in Triangle (-2) Bowl AT 2,900' on a NW aspect. We found the BSH yet was small and hard again to detest. It was very stubborn on shovel shear tests and we did not perform loading tests.

Bottom line: We had a difficult time finding the buried surface hoar. It seems to be very 'pockety' in nature and not present and/or not reactive in many places, especially in areas with softer snow away from ridgelines. That said, it is quite concerning this avalanche was triggered so easily the day before.

Photos & Video



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