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Avalanche Advisory

Turnagain Area Avalanche Advisory
Forecaster:   Graham Predeger  
Tuesday, December 27th 2011
Created: Dec 27th 6:51 am
2 Moderate Alpine / Above 2,500' Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.
2 Moderate Treeline / 1,000'-2,500' Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.
2 Moderate Below Treeline / Below 1,000' Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.
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The Bottom Line
Good morning. This is Graham Predeger with the Chugach National Forest Avalanche Information Center on Tuesday, December 27th at 7am. This will serve as a general backcountry avalanche advisory issued for Turnagain Arm with Turnagain Pass as the core advisory area (this advisory does not apply to highways, railroads, or operating ski areas).

BOTTOM LINE
There is a MODERATE avalanche danger today for wind slab and soft slab avalanches. Light density snow over the last few days coupled with light to moderate winds have loaded leeward slopes and the sides of gullies in mid and upper elevations within the forecast area. Human triggered avalanches are possible in steep wind loaded terrain. Natural avalanches are unlikely today.

AVALANCHE DISCUSSION
Yesterday proved anCNFAIC Staff quiet day in the backcountry. AnCNFAIC Staff 2-4 inches of light density snow fell within the Turnagain Pass area behind the moderate winds experienced on Christmas day. This light density snow we have experienced over the last several days does not require much wind for transport, thus stripping wind exposed slopes and creating tender cornices and shallow wind slabs on steep rollovers and gullies. Yesterday, the wind loaded slopes were found on south and west aspects above 2800 feet, this is also where the best skiing and snowmachining was found. If you do get a wind pocket to rip out, it will likely be small and shallow. However, going for a ride on a shallow wind slab can prove costly if you find yourself in steep, complex terrain and/ or above a terrain trap.

Temperatures stayed in the single digits all day yesterday and are slowly climbing into the teens this morning where we are expected to top out. These colder temperatures make for great powder skiing but effectively slow down the bonding process within the snowpack. What snow is falling and blowing around to form these soft wind slabs is taking more time to strengthen. This is a good example of the Betty Crocker principle. Think about a plate of chips and cheese in the oven. At a higher temperature (350 degrees) your cheese will bond to your chips in a matter of minutes and you will have delicious nachos. If the oven is only 100 degrees you will still make nachos, it will just take much longer to form that solid bond between chip and cheese. Now back to the snowpack; these fresh wind drifts from Sunday and minimal new snow from Monday are likely not bonded yet to the underlying new/ old snow interface. Warmer temperatures or time will be what is required to strengthen these bonds.

Watch out for any cracking or collapsing in the snow around you today, especially at upper elevations. This will be indicative that you have ventured onto one of these poorly bonded wind slabs and it may avalanche if the terrain is steep enough.

Generally, at and below treeline where wind effect has been minimal we are experiencing a right side up snowpack that continues to strengthen over time. Lower elevation test pits (<2500 feet) show a linear density profile from top to bottom, no persistent weak layers and overall rounding and sintering of grains. With relatively stable conditions in the backcountry, now is NOT the time to let your guard down. Continue to practice safe travel techniques and hone your rescue skills. Travel with competent partners, ski or high-mark slopes one at a time and always keep in mind your escape routes and safety zones.

MOUNTAIN WEATHER
Skiers and snowmachiners experienced cold temperatures and generally light winds and snowfall yesterday in the Turnagain pass area. As the low pressure system in the gulf moved through, we saw winds change direction from northeast to north to west at the Sunburst weather station as wind speeds diminished throughout the day. Overnight, this dominant low pressure system bottomed out at 960mb as it moved east of the forecast area. The core advisory area picked up an additional couple inches of snowfall yesterday afternoon/ evening.

Today, expect mostly cloudy skies and intermittent snow showers as the low pressure system in our region falls apart. Temperatures are slowly climbing up from the single digits and will likely top out in the teens or low 20's. Expect a chance for an additional inch or two of light snow through the day. Winds are forecast to pick up to 15-30mph from the southeast. Our next best chance of moisture will arrive with a low pressure that is tracking toward the Gulf tomorrow. Models are showing this storm could take up residence in the Prince William Sound area by Wednesday evening, lingering into the weekend.

CNFAIC Weather Page and the NWS forecast

Kevin will issue the next advisory Wednesday morning. If you get out in the backcountry we want to know what you are seeing. Please send us your observations using the button at the top of this page or give us a call at 754-2369. Thanks and have a great day.

This is a general backcountry avalanche advisory issued for Turnagain Arm with Turnagain Pass as the core advisory area (this advisory does not apply to highways, railroads, or operating ski areas).

Winter snowmachine use open/closed status and riding conditions updates

Riding status is not associated with avalanche danger. An area will be open to motorized use in accordance to the Forest Management Plan when snow coverage is adequate to protect underlying vegetation. Backcountry hazards including avalanche hazard are always present regardless of the open status of motorized use areas.

(Updated: Apr 11, 2017 )

AREA STATUS WEATHER AND RIDING CONDITIONS
Glacier District
Johnson Pass: OpenPlease park on road in and leave the turnaround (near outhouse) open for trailers to turn around.
Placer River: OpenWide swaths of open river in the Placer Valley. Travel with extreme caution!
Skookum Drainage: ClosedSKOOKUM DRAINAGE CLOSED TO MOTORIZED USE ON APRIL 1 annually as per the Chugach National Forest Plan document.
Turnagain Pass: Open
Twentymile: ClosedClosed for the remainder of the 2017 season.
Seward District
Carter Lake: Open
Lost Lake Trail: OpenPlease STAY ON existing and hardened trail surface through the lower sections of this route.
Primrose Trail: OpenPlease STAY ON existing and hardened trail surface through the lower sections of this route.
Resurrection Pass Trail: ClosedClosed for 2016/17 winter season. This is a non-motorized season. This alternates every other year and will open again during the 2017/18 winter.
Snug Harbor: Open
South Fork Snow River Corridor: Open
Summit Lake: Open

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The information in this advisory is from the U.S. Forest Service, which is solely responsible for its content. This advisory describes general avalanche conditions and local variations always occur. This advisory provided by the Chugach National Forest, in partnership with Friends of the Chugach National Forest Avalanche Information Center.


USFS SNOW AND AVALANCHE HOTLINE (907) 754-2369
If you have comments or questions regarding CNFAIC operations or winter recreation management, please email staff@chugachavalanche.org
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