Avalanche Advisory

Turnagain Area Avalanche Advisory
Thursday, April 4th 2019 7:00 am by Heather Thamm
ARCHIVED ADVISORY - All advisories expire after 24 hours from the posting date/time.
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The Bottom Line

The avalanche danger is MODERATE due to the potential for a glide crack to avalanche naturally without warning. Most glide cracks are located in the treeline zone on East  - South  - West aspects below 3000'. Identify terrain with glide cracks and plan your route to avoid travel directly below these unpredictable hazards. In areas without glide cracks Normal Caution is warranted for triggering wet loose surface snow in the afternoon on solar aspects. Be aware of large cornices in the alpine and give them an extra wide berth.

PORTAGE VALLEY: Summer trails with avalanche terrain overhead, such as Byron Glacier Trail and Crow Pass, are still not recommended in the afternoon or evening due to the possibility of an avalanche or cornice fall occurring above.

SUMMIT LAKE (& INTERIOR EASTERN KENAI MTS): Human triggered slab avalanches remain possible in upper elevation terrain on all aspects. This area has a thin snowpack with many weak layers. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully.

SEWARD/LOST LAKE: Similar to the Turnagain area pay attention to changing surfaces on solar aspects later in the day and travel under glide cracks should be avoided.

 Show the Complete North American Avalanche Danger Scale
2 Moderate Alpine / Above 2,500' Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.
2 Moderate Treeline / 1,000'-2,500' Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.
2 Moderate Below Treeline / Below 1,000' Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.
Special Announcement

Avalanche Problem 1

Glide Avalanches

Almost Certain
Very Likely


Very Large


Glide avalanches don’t fit into the North American avalanche danger scale as well as other avalanche problems. They are unpredictable, release without warning, and are not associated with a human trigger. A glide crack is the precursor to a glide avalanche. This is the entire snowpack slowly pulling downhill - and at any moment one could avalanche naturally or remain in balance and not avalanche. Luckily glide cracks are easily identifiable and allow for a person to navigate around them more easily than other avalanche problems that are hidden beneath the snow. Thus-the travel advice for MODERATE danger fits this problem best right now, despite the potential for a glide crack to spontaneous avalanche at anytime. We have seen glide avalanches occurring daily over the last few weeks. Most of this activity has been on solar aspects East, South, and West facing slopes below 3000’. Warm afternoon temperatures and solar radiation are likely contributing to their release, but they can release even if a hard surface crust is present. Bottom line - Identify existing glide cracks and plan your route to avoid traveling under them. Many glide cracks are opening in popular terrain and may require going out of your way to avoid their runout.  

Southwest facing terrain of Eddies has seen increased activity this week. Luckily the valley below this terrain isn't a commonly traveled area.


Magnum's SW face had a glide avalanche release on Tuesday afternoon and several more glide cracks exist on this slope. This is a good example of a common route that has an unpredictable hazard.


Seattle Ridge has seen a lot of glide avalanches over the last week including one that released over the uptrack last weekend.

Additional Concern

LOOSE WET: Triggering wet loose snow in the upper elevations is unlikely today due to increased winds (10-20mph) and cooler air temperatures in the alpine keeping surfaces from melting. Below 2500’ in steep areas with exposed rock or on a thin part of the snowpack triggering wet loose snow will be possible later in the day if the sun appears. This springtime melt/freeze pattern is a normal part of the daily afternoon evaluation of surface conditions on Solar aspects (East to South to West.) If a firm supportable surface crust becomes wet and punchy transition to an aspect/slope with a more supportable surface.

CORNICES: Cornices remain very large along some ridgelines in the alpine. Give cornices a wide berth and avoid travel directly below where one might fall. 

South of Turnagain in Summit Lake and areas in the interior Kenai Peninsula have a very poor snow structure with variety of old weak layers within the snowpack. Triggering a persistent slab 2-3’ deep is becoming less likely with time, but not out of the question. This poor structure is most suspect in the alpine above 3000’ - on shaded aspects any time of the day or on steep solar aspects late in the afternoon if a surface crust start breaking down.

This cornice is very large and hangs over the end of Byron Glacier Trail. Snow sitting on rocks tend to heat up quickly when the sun hits this aspect and causes wet avalanche to happen.  Check out an observation from yesterday documenting the avalanche cycle in March that occurred in Byron Valley. 


Mountain Weather

Yesterday: Skies were sunny to partly clouds. Temperatures reached the mid 40Fs in the mid and lower elevations. Ridgetop temps were in the low-30Fs during the day and dropped to the mid-20Fs overnight. Ridgetop winds were light from the Northwest shifting to an Easterly direction, 5-15mph overnight. No precipitation fell.

Today: Skies could range from overcast to partly sunny today in more interior areas of our forecast zone. A mix of rain and snow showers is possible, with up to 1-3 inches of snow possible in more coastal areas like Portage above 1000'. Light rain is expected below. Daytime temperatures in the upper elevations are expected to remain at or below freezing. Mid and lower elevation temps will see a daily temperature range from the low 30Fs to mid 40Fs. Easterly ridgetop winds will increase to 10-20mph in the afternoon.

Tomorrow: Expect skies to be partly cloudy becoming overcast in the evening as a low-pressure system moves into our region Saturday. Temperatures will bump up into the mid 30Fs in upper elevations. For Saturday a mix of rain and snow is expected. At this point snow totals are uncertain, but coastal areas near Prince William Sound will see higher amounts.

PRECIPITATION 24-hour data (6am - 6am)

  Temp Avg (F) Snow (in) Water (in) Snow Depth (in)
Center Ridge (1880') 34  65
Summit Lake (1400') 35  21 
Alyeska Mid (1700') 35  57 


RIDGETOP 24-hour data (6am - 6am)

  Temp Avg (F) Wind Dir Wind Avg (mph) Wind Gust (mph)
Sunburst (3812') 25  ENE  18 
Seattle Ridge(2400') 30  ESE  14 

This is a general backcountry avalanche advisory issued for Turnagain Arm with Turnagain Pass as the core advisory area (this advisory does not apply to highways, railroads, or operating ski areas).

Winter snowmachine use open/closed status and riding conditions updates

Riding status is not associated with avalanche danger. An area will be open to motorized use in accordance to the Forest Management Plan when snow coverage is adequate to protect underlying vegetation. Backcountry hazards including avalanche hazard are always present regardless of the open status of motorized use areas.

(Updated: May 06, 2019 )

Glacier District
Johnson Pass: ClosedClosed as of 4.3.19
Placer River: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Skookum Drainage: ClosedPlacer access closed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Turnagain Pass: ClosedClosed as of 5/6. Thanks for a great season all, see you next winter!
Twentymile: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Seward District
Carter Lake: Closed
Lost Lake Trail: ClosedClosed as of 3.22.19 due to lack of snow
Primrose Trail: ClosedClosed as of 4.3.19 due to lack of snow
Resurrection Pass Trail: ClosedClosed for the 2018/19 season. Next season will be open to motorized use.
Snug Harbor: ClosedClose as of 5.1.2019
South Fork Snow River Corridor: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Summit Lake: Closed

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The information in this advisory is from the U.S. Forest Service, which is solely responsible for its content. This advisory describes general avalanche conditions and local variations always occur. This advisory provided by the Chugach National Forest, in partnership with Friends of the Chugach National Forest Avalanche Information Center.

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