Avalanche Advisory

Turnagain Area Avalanche Advisory
Wednesday, December 30th 2015 7:00 am by CNFAIC Staff
ARCHIVED ADVISORY - All advisories expire after 24 hours from the posting date/time.
Previous ForecastNext Forecast
The Bottom Line

The avalanche danger for Treeline and above is HIGH. A strong storm is impacting the advisory area today. High winds and heavy precipitation including rain are creating dangerous avalanche conditions in the mountains. Travel is not recommended in avalanche terrain where natural avalanches are likely occurring due to rapid loading. Avalanches have the potential to be deep and destructive, stepping down into old weak snow, connecting across terrain features and may run into the flats. Human triggered avalanches are very likely. Steer clear of any avalanche terrain and stay out of the runout zones.  

MODERATE danger exists below 1,000' where debris from an avalanche releasing above may run.

 Show the Complete North American Avalanche Danger Scale
4 High Alpine / Above 2,500' Travel Advice: Very dangerous avalanche conditions. Travel in avalanche terrain not recommended.
4 High Treeline / 1,000'-2,500' Travel Advice: Very dangerous avalanche conditions. Travel in avalanche terrain not recommended.
2 Moderate Below Treeline / Below 1,000' Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.
Special Announcement

There will be intermittent traffic delays today on the Seward Highway for avalanche hazard reduction work between Girdwood and Anchorage near mileposts 90 to 99.  Motorists should expect delays of up to 45 minutes between 10:00 AM and 2:00 PM. Updates will be posted on the 511 system.

Today is a good day to stay inside and work on your avalanche education scholarship application. 

FCNFAIC is now accepting applications for TWO NEW scholarships! Both scholarships are for avalanche education up to $500. One will be awarded to a snowmachiner and the other to a skier or non-motorized user.

 Please include in your application: name, mailing address, your financial need and how you plan to spread avalanche awareness to your community post-award.  Applications due by 10PM on January 6th.  Please send your applications to

The Friends-CNFAIC board looks forward to hearing from you!


Avalanche Problem 1

The second powerful storm of the week arrived overnight bringing heavy precipitation and sustained high winds to the region. Sunburst has been averaging 70 mph this morning with peak gusts of 117 mph. Turnagain Pass recieved over 10" of snow with an inch of water overnight. The forecast is for the region to get another inch of water throughout the day. This will come as a mixture of snow and rain depending on elevation. Rain/snow line is forecasted to be around 1500' today. This all equates to rapid loading of the snowpack. A variety of storm related issues are likely today.

1) Natural wind slab avalanches are likely on slopes being loaded by the winds. These will be 1-3' thick and have the potential to break into older snow. 

2) If slides break into older weak layers, we could see very large avalanches, up to 6' thick (more on this below).

3) Cornices: With such strong winds and warm snow at the high elevations, we can expect cornices to be forming and breaking off. These 'backcountry bombs' are likely triggering avalanches below. Even if the winds subside today, these can still break naturally.

4) Wet loose avalanches: Rain on snow has the potential to saturate to upper layers of the snowpack and cause loose wet avalanches that may gouge into the snow below.

Wind effect from Monday's storm. Note the new cornice formation and the scouring.  Expect more of this today.


Avalanche Problem 2

Avalanches today have the potential to step down to the old weak snow that is sitting above the Thanksgiving Rain Crust to around 3000' or old hard snow at higher elevations. This loose faceted snow that formed in early December is a persistent weak layer and it rests below a slab 3-6' thick (and growing). Due to the depth of the slab these are a Deep Slab concern. Some of the avalanches triggered by avalanche hazard reduction by the Alaska Railroad ran on this layer as well as some natural avalanches observed from the hwy south of Turnagain Pass. Rapid loading today may cause deep destructive avalanches or they may go during the next storm later in the week or not at all. These avalanches are hard to predict but the current stucture of the snowpack makes them a continued concern.

Deep Slab Avalanche:
Avalanches that break deeply into old weak layers of snow that formed some time ago.


Mountain Weather

Yesterday was generally overcast with a few minor breaks in the clouds throughout the day. Winds predominately Easterly blowing in the 20s became gusty in the afternoon. Temperatures were in the mid 30Fs in the valleys to high 20Fs towards the ridge tops. Light rain fell in the afternoon below 900'.

Overnight a strong storm moved into the area bringing heavy precipitation, rain/snow mix up to approximately 2000' and snow above. Winds have been averaging in the 70s at ridge tops and gusting over 100 mph. There is a High Wind Warning in effect for Portage Valley and Turnagain Arm until 11 AM this morning with the winds decreasing in the afternoon. Winds are forecasted to be 50-70 mph from the East decreasing to 10-30 mph in the afternoon. Rain and snow should continue through the day. After receiving an inch of water overnight on Turnagain Pass almost an additional inch of water is forecasted to fall today into tonight. Precipitation intensity should decrease in the afternoon. Rain/snow line should be around 1500' with temps ranging from the high 20s to high 30s depending on elevation.

This unsettled weather pattern will continue into the New Year with rain and snow likely throughout the week as a series of lows and a strong jet continue to push moisture into the region.

PRECIPITATION 24-hour data (6am - 6am)

  Temp Avg (F) Snow (in) Water (in) Snow Depth (in)
Center Ridge (1880') 33   12 1.2  79 
Summit Lake (1400') 35  0 .5  19 
Alyeska Mid (1700') 33  .7  56 


RIDGETOP 24-hour data (6am - 6am)  

  Temp Avg (F) Wind Dir Wind Avg (mph) Wind Gust (mph)
Sunburst (3812') 25  ENE  60  117 
Seattle Ridge(2400') 27  n/a* n/a* n/a* 

*Seattle Ridge started recording winds at 9 pm last night but does not reflect current wind conditions, the data is suspect.

This is a general backcountry avalanche advisory issued for Turnagain Arm with Turnagain Pass as the core advisory area (this advisory does not apply to highways, railroads, or operating ski areas).

Winter snowmachine use open/closed status and riding conditions updates

Riding status is not associated with avalanche danger. An area will be open to motorized use in accordance to the Forest Management Plan when snow coverage is adequate to protect underlying vegetation. Backcountry hazards including avalanche hazard are always present regardless of the open status of motorized use areas.

(Updated: May 06, 2019 )

Glacier District
Johnson Pass: ClosedClosed as of 4.3.19
Placer River: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Skookum Drainage: ClosedPlacer access closed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Turnagain Pass: ClosedClosed as of 5/6. Thanks for a great season all, see you next winter!
Twentymile: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Seward District
Carter Lake: Closed
Lost Lake Trail: ClosedClosed as of 3.22.19 due to lack of snow
Primrose Trail: ClosedClosed as of 4.3.19 due to lack of snow
Resurrection Pass Trail: ClosedClosed for the 2018/19 season. Next season will be open to motorized use.
Snug Harbor: ClosedClose as of 5.1.2019
South Fork Snow River Corridor: ClosedClosed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.
Summit Lake: Closed

Subscribe to the Turnagain Area Avalanche Advisory:

The information in this advisory is from the U.S. Forest Service, which is solely responsible for its content. This advisory describes general avalanche conditions and local variations always occur. This advisory provided by the Chugach National Forest, in partnership with Friends of the Chugach National Forest Avalanche Information Center.

If you have comments or questions regarding CNFAIC operations or winter recreation management, please email
© 2019 Chugach National Forest Avalanche Information Center. All rights reserved.