Saturday, February 14th 2015 7:00 am by John Fitzgerald
ARCHIVED ADVISORY - All advisories expire after 24 hours from the posting date/time.
The avalanche danger is CONSIDERABLE today in the Alpine on steep wind loaded slopes. Freshly formed slabs up to 12” thick will be easy to trigger and could release naturally. The danger is MODERATE on non wind loaded slopes in the Alpine and in the Treeline elevations, where pockets of shallow slab ranging from 4-8” thick could be triggered on steep slopes. Wet loose avalanches are also an issue to contend with today in the lower elevations where warm temperatures and occasional rain will weaken the snow surface.
|Show the Complete North American Avalanche Danger Scale|
|Travel Advice: Dangerous avalanche conditions. Careful snowpack evaluation, cautious routefinding and conservative decision-making essential.|
|Travel Advice: Heightened avalanche conditions on specific terrain features. Evaluate snow and terrain carefully; identify features of concern.|
Snow does not like rapid change. When rapid change occurs, weak layers have a hard time adjusting to the load. Winds overnight have brought about this rapid change. Slabs have been actively growing on leeward slopes in the higher elevations. Winds have been mainly out of the East. The important thing to remember about wind is that direction changes are common in mountainous terrain. With that said, recognition of wind loaded slopes is a better assessment tool than reading the weather station data when it comes to wind direction and loading patterns.
Shooting cracks and collapsing are obvious indicators of unstable slabs. Stiff, hollow and upside snow should be avoided today in leeward starting zones and cross loaded terrain features. These slabs could build into the 12” range and have enough volume to injure or bury a person.
A layer of weak faceted snow sits anywhere from 2-16” below the surface. This layer is widespread throughout the forecast area. This layer is deepest on the North end of Turnagain Pass (Eddies, Pyramid) where snowfall earlier in the week put down slabs up to 12” thick. Heading South along the Pass that slab gradually gets thinner and less continuous across slopes with averages in the 6-8” range. As a result we have seen more reactive snow where that slab is thicker, including remotely triggered avalanches within the last 2 days. In the Girdwood Valley we have a different setup, where older dense wind slabs 4-8” thick that formed a week ago are sitting on this weak layer and concealed by 6" of snow that has fallen this week.
To put it simply, we have the perfect recipe for a slab avalanche in many areas today; slab + weak layer. Add into the mix the right terrain (slopes 35 degrees and greater) and a trigger (humans or rapid loading of snow) and the result is avalanches.
Avalanches could occur within newly formed wind slabs and they could also step down to this weak layer. Regardless of the actual failure layer, it will be important to avoid slopes 35 degrees and over that have this slab/weak layer combo.
A continuation of above freezing temperatures in the mid elevations along with occasional rain will make wet loose avalanches another concern today. Volume of these will be generally low. Despite this it will be important to recognize and avoid steep terrain that is holding loose, weak and damp snow. This snowpack issue becomes more concerning when traveling above terrain traps such as cliffs, gullies and trees.
The greatest change in the past 24 hours is in the wind category. Ridgetop winds picked up overnight with the Sunburst weather station averaging in the 20-30 mph range since 10 pm. Light rain and snow have been falling with the rain/snow line fluctuating between 1,500 - 2,000’. Temperatures as you might guess have been warm with ridgetops in the low 30s F.
Today expect snow and rain showers throughout the day. Rain/snow line should hover around the 1,500’ mark. Snowfall amounts will be in the 2-3” range above this line. Winds will be out of the East at 15-20 mph with higher gusts. Temperatures will remain mild with ridgetops in the low 30s F.
The extended outlook shows a continuation of warm temperatures and precipitation. Sunday night into Monday looks to bring the next round of more significant moisture and warm temperatures to the area.
PRECIPITATION 24-hour data (6am - 6am)
|Temp Avg (F)||Snow (in)||Water (in)||Snow Depth (in)|
|Center Ridge (1880')||32||1||.1||36|
|Summit Lake (1400')||28||0||0||9|
|Alyeska Mid (1700')||31||Trace||.1||26|
RIDGETOP 24-hour data (6am - 6am)
|Temp Avg (F)||Wind Dir||Wind Avg (mph)||Wind Gust (mph)|
This is a general backcountry avalanche advisory issued for Turnagain Arm with Turnagain Pass as the core advisory area (this advisory does not apply to highways, railroads, or operating ski areas).
Riding status is not associated with avalanche danger. An area will be open to motorized use in accordance to the Forest Management Plan when snow coverage is adequate to protect underlying vegetation. Backcountry hazards including avalanche hazard are always present regardless of the open status of motorized use areas.
(Updated: Apr 15, 2019 )
|AREA||STATUS||WEATHER AND RIDING CONDITIONS|
|Johnson Pass:||Closed||Closed as of 4.3.19|
|Placer River:||Closed||Closed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.|
|Skookum Drainage:||Closed||Placer access closed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.|
|Twentymile:||Closed||Closed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.|
|Lost Lake Trail:||Closed||Closed as of 3.22.19 due to lack of snow|
|Primrose Trail:||Closed||Closed as of 4.3.19 due to lack of snow|
|Resurrection Pass Trail:||Closed||Closed for the 2018/19 season. Next season will be open to motorized use.|
|Snug Harbor:||Open||Rainbow Lake was still frozen with small patches of melting ice as of Sunday afternoon Apr 14th. Snow is melting fast along the first 1/2 mile of road from trailhead.|
|South Fork Snow River Corridor:||Closed||Closed as of 3.20.19 due to lack of snow.|
SNOW AND AVALANCHE HOTLINE (907) 754-2369
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